HOME COMPREHENSIVE DICTIONARY
BIER - An article
of furniture that the casket is displayed on. It can also be the platform inside the hearse or casket compartment flower car
on which the casket is placed.
BIER PINS - Adjustable
devices in the hearse or casket compartment flower car which hold the casket securely in place on either end.
BULLETIN - A specially printed paper which out lines the order of a funeral ceremony or service.
It may also include music selections and special readings. For some funerals this item may be prepared and supplied by a religious
organization, church, synagogue, temple or mosque.
- Specially designed clothing sold by the funeral home to the family of the deceased to be used as apparel for the deceased
in the funeral and burial process.
- A document issued by the local registrar or sub-registrar of the health department and/or vital statistics bureau that gives
permission to the funeral director to bury the human remains. In most states the permit is kept permanently at the cemetery
office with the burial records.
BURIAL VAULT - An
enclosure used in ground burials at cemeteries to enclose the casket. Usually made of concrete, Fiberglas, steel or copper.
Service the dual purpose of holding the grave level, and to offer protection to the casket from soil elements and water. Other
names : outer burial container, vault
CASKET - A container
used to bury the dead human body in. Typically constructed of wood, metal or fiberglas and lined with a cloth material of
some sort. Other names : coffin, sarcophagus
CASKET SPRAY - The
main arrangement of flowers general endowed by the closest family members or
friends to the deceased. Usually rests on or is placed immediately adjacent to the casket. Other names : floral spray, casket piece
CEMETERY - The actual
grounds or real estate on which the burial of the casketed human remains or the urn containing the cremains takes place. Other
names : memorial park, memory gardens, graveyard, necropolis.
CHURCH TRUCK - A folding
device with four wheels, easily transported and used at church funerals to support the casket inside the church during funeral
ceremonies. Other names : portable bier, folding bier
COLUMBARIUM - A grouping
of niches used for the permanent storage of urns and/or cremains. See "niche"
COT - A platform
device on four wheels, usually with folding legs so that it may be transported easily in a car, used to transfer the human
remains from one location to another. Other names : mortuary stretcher, one man cot
CREMAINS - The
cremated remains of a dead human body. The contents of an urn. In most states cremains are generally considered to be a "legally
disposed" remains in most states or provinces. This means that they can be kept or placed wherever the family or next of kin
so desires. Burial, inurnment, or scattering is not required by law. Other names : ashes
CREMATORY - The actual
facility where dead human bodies are cremated.
CRYPT - The individual
space in a mausoleum where the casketed human remains is placed and kept.
- A legal document of public record which properly identifies the deceased and states the actual cause of death, and the method
and place of final disposition of the deceased. It is signed by the attending physician or coroner, the funeral director and
the local health department registrar. The original is customarily kept on file at the local bureau of vital statistics or
health department. Such governmental entities generally issue “certified copies” of the death certificate to those
needing them to procure the final affairs and estate matters of the deceased.
- A large heavy duty plastic or vinyl pouch used to place the human remains in for transport. Sometimes in severe cases of
dismemberment or decomposition, the human remains is placed in a disaster pouch and then into the casket for burial. Other
names : body bag, pouch
EMBALM - The
act of disinfecting and preserving the dead human body by internal and/or external chemical injection or treatment so as to
make it safe and tolerable to the general public for funeralization and/or burial. Other aspects and techniques including
restoration and cosmetic treatments may also be a part of and enhance the embalming process.
EMBALMER - One who
is licensed to embalm and prepare human remains for burial. Also read the previous description.. Other names : mortician,
- An electrical pumping device, which has a reservoir where embalming chemicals are mixed. This mixture is injected into the
dead human body to effect the embalming process. Other names : injection machine, injector
FLOWER CAR - A vehicle
custom built to transport flowers in the funeral process usually from the place of the funeral ceremony to the actual grave
or entombment site. Two types include the open well style, sometimes referred
to as "western" style flower car, and the enclosed casket compartment style, sometimes referred to as "eastern" style flower
car. Some funeral homes use a van or station wagon for floral transportation. Other names : floral coach, flower transport
FLOWER STAND - A stand
or small platform on which floral tributes are displayed close to and around the casket or cremation urn.
FUNERAL HOME - The
facility where preparations of human remains for burial or cremation takes place and where funerals are arranged and conducted
from. Also see page 6. Other names : memorial home, funeral chapel, mortuary, funeral parlor, undertaking establishment.
- One who is licensed to arrange for and conduct funerals, burials and cremations, and to operate and manage a funeral home.
Also read the previous description. Other names : memorial specialist, undertaker, mortician
HEADSTONE - See "monument"
HEARSE - A vehicle
used to transport a casket and/or dead human body from one location to another. Other names : casket conveyance vehicle, casket
coach, funeral coach, coach
HUMAN REMAINS - The
physical body of a dead human being. Other names :corpse, cadaver, body, the remains, the deceased
HYDRAULIC LIFT - A
mechanical device in the funeral home used to lift either human remains or caskets onto either tables, biers or trucks.
INURNMENT - The act
of putting cremains in an urn. See "cremains" and "urn"
LEAD CAR - A vehicle
used primarily to lead the funeral procession to the church and/or cemetery. Typically this is a four door sedan. Other names
: funeral escort car
LECTERN - The
stand or podium that the clergy or officiant stands behind while addressing the funeral attendees and performing the funeral
ceremonies. Other names : pulpit
LIMOUSINE - A vehicle
used to transport the members of the family of the deceased to various destinations
throughout the funeral process. Limousines will have either four or six side doors.
LIVERY - A company
who provides professional cars to a funeral home on a rental agreement. Some
livery companies also provide personnel and drivers with their cars. Also see
MAUSOLEUM - A building
dedicated to the above ground burial of the dead human body. Each space for a casketed human remains is referred to as a crypt.
Many mausoleums also have one or more columbarium within in them for the containment of cremains. See "columbarium" and "crypt".
MEMORIAL FOLDERS -
Small specially printed folders that are given to the funeral attendees as a personal memorial keepsake. They are usually
printed on the inside with the deceased's name , date of birth and death and poem or passage of scripture. See "register stand".
MONUMENT - A
marker or identification of a specific grave or groups of graves by family in a cemetery. Generally they are designed in granite
or bronze, and are inscribed with names and birth and death dates. Other names : headstone, memorial marker, grave marker,
- See "cot".
NICHE - A small cubicle
or space dedicated to the housing or protection of an urn and/or cremains. Niches are normally found in mausoleums, however,
some funeral homes and cemeteries will maintain their own block of niches commonly referred to as a columbarium.
OPERATING TABLE -
This is the central feature in the preparation room on which the human remains is placed for embalming and preparation for
burial or cremation. It is generally made of porcelain or stainless steel. Also see page 7.
PALL -A blanket like
piece of material placed over the entire casket to indicate religious significance during the actual funeral ceremony. Typically
used at a catholic funeral. Also see page 21
PRAYER CARDS - Small
specially printed cards that are given to the funeral attendees as a personal memorial keepsake. They are usually printed
on the backside with the deceased name, date of birth and death and a special prayer, scripture or poem. See "register stand"
- A article of furniture used by funeral attendees to kneel on for the purpose of prayer and meditation. It is usually placed
close to or adjacent to the casket. Other names : kneeler,
PROFESSIONAL CAR - Any vehicle used by a funeral home in the funeral process, usually definitively narrowed
to the hearse, limousine, flower car, lead car, or service vehicle.
REGISTER BOOK - The book which funeral attendees sign to register their attendance at the visitation
and/or funeral. This book also contains biographical information about the deceased and is given to the family of the deceased
at theend of the funeral process for them to have as a memorial.
- A podium like stand usually placed in the entry way of the funeral home on which a register book is placed for attendees
to register their attendance at the visitation and/or funeral for the family of the deceased.
Thereis usually a display of memorial folders or prayer cards so that the attendees may take one.
REMOVAL - The act
of going to the place of death and removing the remains from it and transporting them back to the funeral home. Other names
: first call run, transfer of remains
SERVICE VEHICLE -
A car or van generally used to make removals in. It may also double as a flower transportation or a vehicle used to run necessary
funeral home errands in.
SHROUD - A garment
placed on a dead human body to prepare it for funeralization and burial, more commonly used in the feminine gender.
URN - A container
in which the cremated remains of a human body are placed in for either temporary or permanent storage. Urns are made of a
variety of materials including wood, metal, and marble, and are of various shapes and sizes.
See "niche" , "columbarium"
VAULT - See "burial
Robes and other articles of apparel general worn by the clergy or priests of a particular religious organization during a
funeral or memorial serve to help identify them as such.
VIEWING - See "visitation"
VISITATION - A time
specifically set aside for family members and friends to gather usually at a funeral home or church to share with and comfort
one another and/or view the remains, if possible. Generally this event takes place prior to the actual funeral service or